This is the second section of the paper/album composition I am writing for my African popular music and politics class. This section focuses of the socio-historical context of my topic. The paragraph includes important historical facts that shaped today’s idea on gender identity and empowerment of women in South Africa.
One of the most apparent origins of gender discrimination is from the apartheid system that formed in 1982. The system was used to cement control over economic and the social system in South Africa. Another motive for this system was to maintain white domination while furthering racial separation (Chokshi, et al, 1995). Laws were put into place that further oppressed black women and even men. Race lawsaffected social life. In 1931, white women were allowed the right to vote and black women and men followed about 60 years later. The next major law created was the Population Registration Actof 1950. This law allowed the government to racially classify all South Africans into three groups; white, black (African), or colored (of mixed decent) (Chokshi, et al, 1995). To further the discriminatory actions, in 1950 the Pass laws were extended to black women (Wittman, 2012). Black women and men were then expected to carry “Pass books” that contained fingerprints, photo, and additional information an access to non-black areas (Chokshi, et al, 1995). Women in South Africa began protests 6 years later and that resulted in ‘National Women’s Day’ a public holiday (Wittman, 2012).
*Chokshi , Monal, et al. (1995). “The History of Apartheid in South Africa.”www-cs-8students.stanford.edu/~cale/cs201/apartheid.hist.html.
*Wittman, Veronika. (2012) “Gender and empowerment in South Africa”, Multicultural Education & Technology Journal, Vol. 6Isue: 4., pp. 246 –260, https://doi.org/10.1108/17504971211279518